Treatment gonarthrosis (arthrosis of the knee joint) in Teplice
Gonarthrosis or deforming arthrosis of the knee joint is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of the intraarticular cartilage of the knee joint, which has a non-inflammatory genesis. At the first stage, people complain of mild pain during exertion, stiffness, pain often occur during the first steps after the start of walking and quickly disappear. The knee joint may swell slightly, synovitis may develop. At the 2nd stage, the intensity of pain increases, their frequency also increases, but after rest, the pain usually disappears. The progression of the disease entails a steady decrease in the range of motion in the joint, acute pain when trying to bend the leg in the knee to the extreme position, crunch, visual expansion of the joint. In the last stage of gonarthrosis, the pain hardly goes away, even at rest and in sleep. The freedom of movement of the joint is severely limited, the leg is not completely straightened, wallus or varus deformity may develop. At the 3rd stage, walking is accompanied by lameness and passes from one foot to another, the gait becomes unstable, over time, patients can not do without crutches or a cane. The effectiveness of treatment depends on how early it was started. Therapy includes gymnastics, massage, physiotherapy, peloid therapy. Medication includes chondroprotectors, steroid hormones, and synovial fluid replacement drugs. At the 1st and 2nd stages, spa treatment is indicated. At the last stage, conservative treatment practically does not bring results, the attending orthopedic surgeon may recommend joint replacement.